Linux distributions in Day-to-Day Life

There are a few terms that may confuse Linux beginners. The first thing is its name, Linux vs GNU/Linux, the term Linux refers to the Linux kernel only. In reality many users refer to Linux as the operating system as a whole, the kernel plus libraries and tools. Also the term Linux is used to include all the programs that run on Linux, or that are available for this great operating system.
Furthermore, the description GNU/Linux needs understanding. Linux distributions with this name prefix are fleshed out with GNU implementations of the system tools and programs. One such example is Debian GNU/Linux. The GNU project goes back to the initiative of Richard M. Stallman and his dream to develop a free UNIX system. Based on his experiences at MIT and the collaboration with other colleagues he choose to use free software that was already available to rewrite the tools he needed. This included the TeX typesetting system as well as X11 window system. He published the rewritten tools under the GPL license whenever possible to make his work available freely to everyone who was interested in it.

Popular Linux Distributions
Popular Linux Distributions

A Linux distribution is a collection of software packages that fit together. A distribution is maintained by a team of software developers. Each member of the team focuses on a different package of the distribution. Together as a team they ensure that the single software packages are up-to-date and do not conflict with the other packages of the same release of the distribution.
As of 2019 for Debian GNU/Linux 10, the distribution includes over 13,370 new packages, for a total of over 57,703 packages. A repository is a directory of packages with a certain purpose. Debian GNU/Linux sorts its packages according to the development state. The official repository is named stable and reflects the current release of stable packages. The other repositories are named testing and unstable, and work in the same way but do not count as official packages.
Typically a Linux distribution comprises of packages for a Linux kernel, a boot loader, GNU tools and libraries, a graphical desktop environment with a windows environment, as well as additional software like a web browser, an email client, databases and documentation. The software is provided in two ways; as the source code and as the compiled binary packages. This allows you to understand how the software is designed, to study it and to adjust it according to your personal needs.

Depending on the focus of the Linux distribution, it also contains packages for a specific purpose like network or forensic tools, scientific software for educational purposes, and multimedia applications.

Read moreLinux distributions in Day-to-Day Life

3.5/5 (6)

Please rate this article

Build a virtual machine with VirtualBox in Linux

Virtualization is almost as old as our beloved integrated silicon chips.
At the beginning of the 1960s, there had been two major computing issues.
First, many individual mainframe models were bespoke, so incompatible.
The other stumbling block was that as integrated processors became more powerful, institutions wanted to implement flexible “timesharing” between multiple users.

VirtualBox 5.2 on Fedora

IBM dismissed this multi-user batch processing was definitely the future! But in 1963, it lost a large MIT contract to General Electric. Realising its huge mistake, IBM developed the general purpose S/360 architecture, which could be implemented on a wide range of compatible systems. In 1965, IBM released the S/360-76, the world’s first mainframe to support virtualisation. And the rest is very much history.

Read moreBuild a virtual machine with VirtualBox in Linux

No ratings yet.

Please rate this article

Linux Speed Up! Get a faster boot-up, a swifter desktop and more responsive apps.

Everyone loves a speedy computer. In this section we’ll look at some essential tricks to speed up your computer. You don’t have to be an experienced campaigner to get more mileage out of your Linux box. There are some techniques that even new users can employ to trick their Linux distro to boot faster.

Read moreLinux Speed Up! Get a faster boot-up, a swifter desktop and more responsive apps.

No ratings yet.

Please rate this article

Today’s the 24th first anniversary of 1st Linux kernel release.

Today’s the 24th first anniversary of 1st Linux kernel release. October 5th is the day when Linus Torvalds released the 1st Linux kernel. If you remember, back in August, we celebrated the birthday of Linux. August 25th is the day when Linus Torvalds first told the world that he was working on a project named Linux. … Read moreToday’s the 24th first anniversary of 1st Linux kernel release.

Do I need An antivirus in linux?

Afraid to answer a bit background knowledge is necessary first.
Viruses hardly exists any more. Programs that infect other executables, overwrite parts of them and/or add new code to them is not how malware spreads nowadays in most cases. In windows that distinction is not really necessary, windows users use the term “virus” to describe every form of malware (and user error, sorry, couldn’t resist 😉 ). But in Linux that distinction is important as virus scanners in Linux do exactly what the name says…they scan for viruses. They don’t protect you against attacks from websites in any form. And on top of that they hardly even scan for Linux viruses…there are only very few proof-of-concept Linux viruses at all. And due to people never installing anything themselves but always packages provided by the distro through the package manager there is almost no attack surface for traditional viruses…no spreading of .exe saying they are the most fancy screensaver or similar. So the Linux virus scanners actually mostly scan for windows viruses, for example in a mail server scanning email attachments before delivering the mails.

Read moreDo I need An antivirus in linux?

No ratings yet.

Please rate this article

Hey you! Why don't you try Linux?!

Hi my name is Anis! And I’m a full time Linux user and I know a lot about it. It’s a great system, does not spy on you, and makes it very difficult to get malware. In the past few years, it’s also become a great platform for gaming, too. Here’s the answers to a bunch of questions I usually hear about Linux from Windows users.
linux_distros_2013

Read moreHey you! Why don't you try Linux?!

No ratings yet.

Please rate this article

Why Linux Distro's Are More Secured Than Any Other Operation Systems

Linux is an open source operating system where everyone can read the entire codes but still it is considered more secure as compared to the other operating systems. Linux has been extensively deployed in the tech market as many of the gadgets are Linux based and that is why more people are building trust on the Linux platform. To throw more light on why Linux has superior internet security capabilities, let us check out some of its security features.
Linux

Read moreWhy Linux Distro's Are More Secured Than Any Other Operation Systems

No ratings yet.

Please rate this article

Free useful software for everyone.

Free as in beer, not free as in freedom – though some of it is both. I didn’t put trialware there, or things that require you to pay, to get certain features. You can use Ninite.com to install a lot of it automatically, without any toolbars and crap like that. I didn’t include things like Blender and Sketchup, as they are, in my opinion, very niche. If you need such software, I’d assume you would already know about it. Obviously most of it is for Windows, but a lot of it is multi-platform.

Read moreFree useful software for everyone.

No ratings yet.

Please rate this article

Firefox tweaks that will enhance your privacy on internet

Internet has become privacy sensitive place, specially now NSA and other US authorities are lurking on every corner, mining data from the web.
This is a collection of privacy related about:config tweaks. I’ve show you how to enhance the privacy of your Firefox browser.
firefox-secure-privacy-featured

Read moreFirefox tweaks that will enhance your privacy on internet

No ratings yet.

Please rate this article

Linux Tails 1.0.1 – preserving your privacy and anonymity

About: Tails is a live operating system, that you can start on almost any computer from a DVD, USB stick, or SD card. It aims at preserving your privacy and anonymity, and helps you to: * use the Internet anonymously and circumvent censorship; * all connections to the Internet are forced to go through the … Read moreLinux Tails 1.0.1 – preserving your privacy and anonymity